Channel forms part of the cross-Government Prevent Strategy to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting violent extremism. Channel is the mechanism for making referrals and accessing support for children (and adults) at risk of violent extremism. Channel guidance states that if a referred individual is under the age of 18 the Channel co-ordinator must liaise with the common assessment framework (CAF) co-ordinator or LA children's social care service (the latter should be represented on the Prevent partnership and multi-agency Channel panel) to agree how best to manage the case.
Seattle is one of four cities that participate in a gang-prevention program sponsored by the Administration for Children, Youth, and Families and supported by local business taxes. Youth aged twelve to eighteen are offered mentoring, recreation, training in social and life skills, and job placement assistance. Enforcement and suppression components include coordinated efforts by police and probation personnel to track violent offenders, visits to the homes of at-risk youth, job training, and child care for teen parents. Cooperation among the city agencies involved has improved. According to plans, the project will soon provide additional services for parents of gang-involved youth, as well as housing and other aftercare for youth released from a juvenile corrections facility.
Some elements of the health burden of gang violence may make up the bulk of one’s work, but are not currently captured by surveillance systems. Violence victimization is also an important indicator of the impact of gang violence. The CDC and OJJDP support the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV). This survey collects information on many forms of violence (., 45 different kinds of violence, abuse, and victimization) in a nationally representative sample of 4,500 children, ages 17 and younger ( Finkelhor, Turner, Ormrod, & Hamby, 2010 ). NatSCEV includes information on whether an assault involved a group of youth or a youth gang. Using this survey, it was estimated that % of children in the . experienced a group or gang-related assault in 2008 ( Finkelhor et al., 2010 ). Statistics from community surveys have important implications for school nurses, pediatric nurse practitioners, or other nurses who work in non-hospital-based settings. Nurses in these settings may see the physical injuries that do not result in a visit to an emergency departments or hospitalization, and they may need to care for children who suffer from the mental health consequences of gang violence. Some elements of the health burden of gang violence may make up the bulk of one’s work, but are not currently captured by surveillance systems.