Votaire essay on tolerance

In 1733, Voltaire met Émilie du Châtelet , a married mother of three who was 12 years his junior and with whom he was to have an affair for 16 years. [53] To avoid arrest after the publication of Letters , Voltaire took refuge at her husband's château at Cirey-sur-Blaise , on the borders of Champagne and Lorraine . [54] Voltaire paid for the building's renovation, [55] and Émilie's husband, the Marquis du Châtelet, sometimes stayed at the château with his wife and her lover. [56] The relationship had a significant intellectual element. Voltaire and the Marquise collected over 21,000 books, an enormous number for the time. [ citation needed ] Together, they studied these books and performed experiments in the natural sciences at Cirey, which included an attempt to determine the nature of fire. [57]

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Among the earliest of Voltaire's best-known plays is his adaptation of Sophocles' tragedy  Oedipus , which was first performed in 1718. Voltaire followed with a string of dramatic tragedies, including Mariamne (1724). His Zaïre (1732), written in verse, was something of a departure from previous works: Until that point, Voltaire's tragedies had centered on a fatal flaw in the protagonist's character; however, the tragedy in Zaïre was the result of circumstance. Following Zaïre, Voltaire continued to write tragic plays, including Mahomet  (1736) and Nanine (1749).

Votaire essay on tolerance

votaire essay on tolerance

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