The History of Project Management is the history of mega projects of the last 4,500 years that include the Giza Pyramid, the Parthenon, the Colosseum, the Gothic Cathedrals of Europe, the Taj Mahal, and the Transcontinental Railway. These were not anomalies in history but projects delivered in a systematic way with very similar characteristics to today’s projects. Typically, they had the equivalent of a project charter, a business justification, and a project sponsor. In close analysis they also followed a similar life-cycle of phases that we use today, incorporating the Project Management Process Groups (initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing). In close examination they also intuitively followed all ten PMBOK knowledge areas (Integration, Scope, Time, Cost, Quality, Human Resources, Communications, Risk, Procurement and Stakeholder). The publication examines through a contemporary lens of project management how historical projects:
As a project manager, you’ll hear every excuse in the book as to why your resource can’t complete their task on time. ‘You didn’t give me enough information.’ ‘I was pulled onto another task.’ ‘I didn’t think it would take this much time.’ At the end of the day, your resources shouldn’t be treated as robots. People get sick, provide incorrect estimates if they are rushed or can simply not deliver on time. By adding a buffer to your project plan you account for the ‘resource unknowns’ that will likely popup and minimize rework that needs to be done to your timeline.