One of the important differences between previous educational qualifications (and the earlier grading of A-levels) and the later GCSE qualifications was supposed to be a move from norm-referenced marking to criterion-referenced marking.  On a norm-referenced grading system, fixed percentages of candidates achieve each grade. With criterion-referenced grades, in theory, all candidates who achieve the criteria can achieve the grade. A comparison of a clearly norm-referenced assessment, such as the NFER Cognitive Ability Test or CAT, with GCSE grading seems to show an unexpected correlation, which challenges the idea that the GCSE is a properly criterion-based assessment. 
You can’t take exams at two different centres in the same ‘series’ (. summer or January). If the timetable permits, you could ask the school to enter you for extra exams, though you might have to pay. Ask your exams officer – they’re the experts and know you son’s situation.
It looks like you’ve read the page on science GCSEs ( http:///science-gcse/ ) so you know the structure. Because of the new flexibility that I describe on that page, the school can organise science in different ways. There are only three exams for triple science. They can be taken together in year 11, or split between yr 10 and 11. Biology in year 10 and the others in yr 11. Or, the school could go down the route of Core science in yr10 and additional plus further addition in year 11.