The recent decades have witnessed concerns about the ethical issues of animal testing in numerous products' manufacturing. There are those who contend that animal experimentation is of utmost importance in the development of medicines. Nonetheless, a staggering number of individuals claim that human have no moral right to do experiments on animals.
From one stance, it is widely acknowledged that the lives of all creatures should be respected. With the advance of technology, it is possible for researchers to obtain reliable experimental results from alternative methods. In truth, plant testing is a case in point, where one of the remarkable observations coming from research findings is that the use of plant experimentation in the development of cosmetic products generates same experimental data in comparison with the data generated by animal testing. In addition, there are some countries banned the use of animal testing for non-medical products.
From another stance, animal experimentation is a vital part in the development of medicines. Having tested by animals, medicines were cleared for human use. Furthermore, it does justify the suffering caused to animals if the drugs, which had been developed through the use of animal experimentation, save patients' lives. Interestingly enough, animal experimentation advanced medical and scientific knowledge. To illustrate, sending monkeys and non-human apes to space in order to collect information before human trial ensured the safety of astronauts. Needless to say, use of pigs in robotic surgery training to modify surgical technique is also a case in point.
Viewed as a whole, it is no doubt that animal experimentation is morally wrong. Nonetheless, it is said to be necessary evil where new drugs and medical procedures are concerned. To my way of thinking, it is pivotal for governments to ban animal testing in non-medical products and regulate the use of animal in medical products' development.
The sources used for this section, besides Annuaire , are Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum: et . Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. , by Alfonso Chacón, . (or Alphonsus Ciaconio) and updated by Agostino Oldoini, .; Cronotassi dei Cardinali de Santa Romana Chiesa: nelle loro sedi suburbicarie titoli presbiterali e diaconie dal secolo V all'anno del signore MDCCCLXXXVIII; compilata sui manoscritti originali ed autentici esistenti nella biblioteca e negli archivi vaticani e su molteplici altre fonti storiche edite ed inedite antiche e moderne , by Francesco Cristofori; Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentoris Aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, . Cardinalium Ecclesiarum Antistitum Series , edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, Pirminus Sefrin, and Zeno Pieta; Memorie Storiche de' Cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa , by Lorenzo Cardella; and Dictionnaire des Cardinaux , used with great caution because of the numerous errors it contains. Annuario Pontificio per l'anno 2004 is the source for the official chronology of the popes.
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