December 29, 1890 - Spotted Elk ( Lakota : Unpan Glešká – also known as Big Foot) was a Miniconjou leader on the . Army's list of 'trouble-making' Indians. He was stopped while en route to convene with the remaining Lakota chiefs. Army officers forced him to relocate with his people to a small camp close to the Pine Ridge Agency. Here the soldiers could more closely watch the old chief. That evening, December 28, the small band of Lakota erected their tipis on the banks of Wounded Knee Creek . The following day, during an attempt by the officers to collect weapons from the band, one young, deaf Lakota warrior refused to relinquish his arms. A struggle followed in which somebody's weapon discharged into the air. One . officer gave the command to open fire, and the Lakota responded by taking up previously confiscated weapons; the . forces responded with carbine firearms and several rapid-fire light-artillery (Hotchkiss) guns mounted on the overlooking hill. When the fighting had concluded, 25 . soldiers lay dead, many killed by friendly fire. Among the 153 dead Lakota, most were women and children.  Following the massacre, chief Kicking Bear officially surrendered his weapon to General Nelson A. Miles .
Hip-hop dance started when Clive Campbell, aka Kool DJ Herc and the father of hip-hop, came to New York from Jamaica in 1967. Toting the seeds of reggae from his homeland, he is credited with being the first DJ to use two turntables and identical copies of the same record to create his jams. But it was his extension of the breaks in these songs—the musical section where the percussive beats were most aggressive—that allowed him to create and name a culture of break boys and break girls who laid it down when the breaks came up. Briefly termed b-boys and b-girls, these dancers founded breakdancing , which is now a cornerstone of hip-hop dance.